WESTMINSTER SHORTER CATECHISM
WITH PROOF TEXTS
Q. 71. What is required in the seventh commandment?
A. The seventh commandment requireth the preservation of our own and our neighbor’s chastity, in heart, speech, and behavior.
Q. 72. What is forbidden in the seventh commandment?
A. The seventh commandment forbiddeth all unchaste thoughts, words, and actions.
Q. 73. Which is the eighth commandment?
A. The eighth commandment is, Thou shalt not steal.
Q. 74. What is required in the eighth commandment?
A. The eighth commandment requireth the lawful procuring and furthering the wealth and outward estate of ourselves and others.
Q. 75. What is forbidden in the eighth commandment?
A. The eighth commandment forbiddeth whatsoever doth, or may, unjustly hinder our own, or our neighbor’s wealth or outward estate.
Q. 76. Which is the ninth commandment?
A. The ninth commandment is, Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbor.
Q. 77. What is required in the ninth commandment?
A. The ninth commandment requireth the maintaining and promoting of truth between man and man, and of our own and our neighbor’s good name, especially in witness-bearing.
Q. 78. What is forbidden in the ninth commandment?
A. The ninth commandment forbiddeth whatsoever is prejudicial to truth, or injurious to our own, or our neighbor’s, good name.
Q. 79. Which is the tenth commandment?
A. The tenth commandment is, Thou shalt not covet thy neighbor’s house, thou shalt not covet thy neighbor’s wife, nor his manservant, nor his maidservant, nor his ox, nor his ass, nor anything that is thy neighbor’s.
Q. 80. What is required in the tenth commandment?
A. The tenth commandment requireth full contentment with our own condition, with a right and charitable frame of spirit toward our neighbor, and all that is his.
1 Corinthians 7:2-3, 5. Nevertheless, to avoid fornication, let every man have his own wife, and let every woman have her own husband. Let the husband render unto the wife due benevolence: and likewise also the wife unto the husband.... Defraud ye not one the other, except it be with consent for a time, that ye may give yourselves to fasting and prayer; and come together again, that Satan tempt you not for your incontinency. 1 Thessalonians 4:3-5. For this is the will of God, even your sanctification, that ye should abstain from fornication: That every one of you should know how to possess his vessel in sanctification and honour; Not in the lust of concupiscence, even as the Gentiles which know not God.
 Matthew 5:28. But I say unto you, That whosoever looketh on a woman to lust after her hath committed adultery with her already in his heart. Ephesians 5:3-4. But fornication, and all uncleanness, or covetousness, let it not be once named among you, as becometh saints; Neither filthiness, nor foolish talking, nor jesting, which are not convenient: but rather giving of thanks.
 Exodus 20:15. Thou shalt not steal. Deuteronomy 5:19. Neither shalt thou steal.
 Leviticus 25:35. And if thy brother be waxen poor, and fallen in decay with thee; then thou shalt relieve him: yea, though he be a stranger, or a sojourner; that he may live with thee.Ephesians 4:28b. But rather let him labour, working with his hands the thing which is good, that he may have to give to him that needeth. Philippians 2:4. Look not every man on his own things, but every man also on the things of others.
 Proverbs 28:19 ff. He that tilleth his land shall have plenty of bread: but he that followeth after vain persons shall have poverty enough. A faithful man shall abound with blessings: but he that maketh haste to be rich shall not be innocent.... He that hasteth to be rich hath an evil eye, and considereth not that poverty shall come upon him.... Whoso robbeth his father or his mother, and saith, It is no transgression; the same is the companion of a destroyer.... He that giveth unto the poor shall not lack: but he that hideth his eyes shall have many a curse. Ephesians 4:28a. Let him that stole steal no more. 2 Thessalonians 3:10. For even when we were with you, this we commanded you, that if any would not work, neither should he eat. 1 Timothy 5:8. But if any provide not for his own, and specially for those of his own house, he hath denied the faith, and is worse than an infidel.
 Exodus 20:16. Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbour. Deuteronomy 5:20. Neither shalt thou bear false witness against thy neighbour.
 Zechariah 8:16. These are the things that ye shall do; Speak ye every man the truth to his neighbour; execute the judgment of truth and peace in your gates: Acts 25:10. Then said Paul, I stand at Caesar's judgment seat, where I ought to be judged: to the Jews have I done no wrong, as thou very well knowest. 3 John 12. Demetrius hath good report of all men, and of the truth itself: yea, and we also bear record; and ye know that our record is true.
 Proverbs 14:5, 25. A faithful witness will not lie: but a false witness will utter lies.... A true witness delivereth souls: but a deceitful witness speaketh lies.
 Leviticus 19:16. Thou shalt not go up and down as a talebearer among thy people: neither shalt thou stand against the blood of thy neighbour: I am the LORD. Psalm 15:3. He that backbiteth not with his tongue, nor doeth evil to his neighbour, nor taketh up a reproach against his neighbour. Proverbs 6:16-19. These six things doth the LORD hate: yea, seven are an abomination unto him: A proud look, a lying tongue, and hands that shed innocent blood, An heart that deviseth wicked imaginations, feet that be swift in running to mischief, A false witness that speaketh lies, and he that soweth discord among brethren. Luke 3:14. And the soldiers likewise demanded of him, saying, And what shall we do? And he said unto them, Do violence to no man, neither accuse any falsely; and be content with your wages.
 Exodus 20:17. Thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's house, thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's wife, nor his manservant, nor his maidservant, nor his ox, nor his ass, nor any thing that is thy neighbour's. Deuteronomy 5:21. Neither shalt thou desire thy neighbour's wife, neither shalt thou covet thy neighbour's house, his field, or his manservant, or his maidservant, his ox, or his ass, or any thing that is thy neighbour's.
 Psalm 34:1. I will bless the LORD at all times: his praise shall continually be in my mouth. Philippians 4:11. Not that I speak in respect of want: for I have learned, in whatsoever state I am, therewith to be content. 1 Timothy 6:6. But godliness with contentment is great gain. Hebrews 13:5. Let your conversation be without covetousness; and be content with such things as ye have: for he hath said, I will never leave thee, nor forsake thee.
 Luke 15:6, 9, 11-32. And when he cometh home, he calleth together his friends and neighbours, saying unto them, Rejoice with me; for I have found my sheep which was lost.... And when she hath found it, she calleth her friends and her neighbours together, saying, Rejoice with me; for I have found the piece which I had lost.... And he said, A certain man had two sons: And the younger of them said to his father, Father, give me the portion of goods that falleth to me. And he divided unto them his living. And not many days after the younger son gathered all together, and took his journey into a far country, and there wasted his substance with riotous living. And when he had spent all, there arose a mighty famine in that land; and he began to be in want. And he went and joined himself to a citizen of that country; and he sent him into his fields to feed swine. And he would fain have filled his belly with the husks that the swine did eat: and no man gave unto him. And when he came to himself, he said, How many hired servants of my father's have bread enough and to spare, and I perish with hunger! I will arise and go to my father, and will say unto him, Father, I have sinned against heaven, and before thee, And am no more worthy to be called thy son: make me as one of thy hired servants. And he arose, and came to his father. But when he was yet a great way off, his father saw him, and had compassion, and ran, and fell on his neck, and kissed him. And the son said unto him, Father, I have sinned against heaven, and in thy sight, and am no more worthy to be called thy son. But the father said to his servants, Bring forth the best robe, and put it on him; and put a ring on his hand, and shoes on his feet: And bring hither the fatted calf, and kill it; and let us eat, and be merry: For this my son was dead, and is alive again; he was lost, and is found. And they began to be merry. Now his elder son was in the field: and as he came and drew nigh to the house, he heard music and dancing. And he called one of the servants, and asked what these things meant. And he said unto him, Thy brother is come; and thy father hath killed the fatted calf, because he hath received him safe and sound. And he was angry, and would not go in: therefore came his father out, and entreated him. And he answering said to his father, Lo, these many years do I serve thee, neither transgressed I at any time thy commandment: and yet thou never gavest me a kid, that I might make merry with my friends: But as soon as this thy son was come, which hath devoured thy living with harlots, thou hast killed for him the fatted calf. And he said unto him, Son, thou art ever with me, and all that I have is thine. It was meet that we should make merry, and be glad: for this thy brother was dead, and is alive again; and was lost, and is found. Romans 12:15. Rejoice with them that do rejoice, and weep with them that weep.Philippians 2:4. Look not every man on his own things, but every man also on the things of others.
웨스터 민스터 소요리문답
71항 - 80항
문 71. 제 칠 계명이 명하는 것은 무엇인가?
답. 제 칠 계명이 명하는 것은 생각과 말과 행동으로 우리와 및 이웃의 정조를 보존하라 하신 것이다.
(마5:28; 엡4:29; 골4:6; 벧전3:2; 살전4:4-5; 고전7:2; 엡5:11-12)
문 72. 제 칠 계명이 금하는 것은 무엇인가?
답. 제 칠 계명이 금하는 것은 모든 깨끗지 못한 생각과 말과 행동이다.
문 73. 제 팔 계명이 무엇인가?
답. 제 팔 계명은 '도적질하지 말지니라' 하신 것이다.
문 74. 제 팔 계명이 명하는 것은 무엇인가?
답. 제 팔 계명이 명하는 것은 합리한 법대로 남의 재물과 산업을 얻고 또 증진하게 하라 하신 것이다.
(살후3:10-12; 롬12:17; 잠27:23; 레25:35; 빌2:4; 잠13:4; 20:4; 24:30-34; 신15:10)
문 75. 제 팔 계명이 금하는 것은 무엇인가?
답. 제 팔 계명이 금하는 것은 우리와 남의 재물과 산업을 불의 하게 방해하거나 혹 방해될 만한 일이다.
(딤전5:8; 엡4:28; 잠21:6; 살후3:7-10; 잠28:19; 약5:4)
문 76. 제 구 계명이 무엇인가?
답. 제 구 계명은 '네 이웃에 대하여 거짓 증거하지 말지니라' 하신 것이다.
문 77. 제 구 계명이 명하는 것은 무엇인가?
답. 제 구 계명이 명하는 것은 특히 증거할 때에 피차 진실함과 또 우리와 이웃의 명예를 보존하며 증진하게 하라 하신 것이다.
(잠14:5, 25; 슥8:16; 벧전3:16; 행25:10; 요삼12; 엡4:15)
문 78. 제 구 계명이 금하는 것은 무엇인가?
답. 제 구 계명이 금하는 것은 무엇이든지 진실함에 해되는 일이나 혹은 이웃의 명예를 상하게 하는 것이다.
(잠19:5, 9:16-19; 눅3:14; 사15:3; 골3:9; 시12:3; 고후8:20-21)
문 79. 제 십 계명이 무엇인가?
답. 제 십 계명은 '네 이웃의 집을 탐내지 말지니라. 네 이웃의 아내나 그의 남종이나 그의 여종이나 그의 소나 그의 나귀나 무릇 네 이웃의 소유를 탐내지 말지니라' 하신 것이다.
문 80. 제 십 계명이 명하는 것은 무엇인가?
답. 제 십 계명이 명하는 것은 우리 처지를 만족히 여기며 이웃과 그 있는 모든 것에 대하여 의롭고 사랑하는 마음을 품으라 하는 것이다.
(히13:5; 롬12:15; 빌2:4; 고전13:4-6; 딤전6:6; 레19:18)