WESTMINSTER SHORTER CATECHISM
WITH PROOF TEXTS
Q. 61. What is forbidden in the fourth commandment?
A. The fourth commandment forbiddeth the omission, or careless performance, of the duties required, and the profaning the day by idleness, or doing that which is in itself sinful, or by unnecessary thoughts, words, or works, about our worldly employments or recreations.
Q. 62. What are the reasons annexed to the fourth commandment?
A. The reasons annexed to the fourth commandment are, God’s allowing us six days of the week for our own employments, his challenging a special propriety in the seventh, his own example, and his blessing the sabbath day.
Q. 63. Which is the fifth commandment?
A. The fifth commandment is, Honor thy father and thy mother: that thy days may be long upon the land which the Lord thy God giveth thee.
Q. 64. What is required in the fifth commandment?
A. The fifth commandment requireth the preserving the honor, and performing the duties, belonging to everyone in their several places and relations, as superiors, inferiors, or equals.
Q. 65. What is forbidden in the fifth commandment?
A. The fifth commandment forbiddeth the neglecting of, or doing anything against, the honor and duty which belongeth to everyone in their several places and relations.
Q. 66. What is the reason annexed to the fifth commandment?
A. The reason annexed to the fifth commandment is, a promise of long life and prosperity (as far as it shall serve for God’s glory and their own good) to all such as keep this commandment.
Q. 67. Which is the sixth commandment?
A. The sixth commandment is, Thou shalt not kill.
Q. 68. What is required in the sixth commandment?
A. The sixth commandment requireth all lawful endeavors to preserve our own life, and the life of others.
Q. 69. What is forbidden in the sixth commandment?
A. The sixth commandment forbiddeth the taking away of our own life, or the life of our neighbor, unjustly, or whatsoever tendeth thereunto.
Q. 70. Which is the seventh commandment?
A. The seventh commandment is, Thou shalt not commit adultery.
Nehemiah 13:15-22. In those days saw I in Judah some treading wine presses on the sabbath, and bringing in sheaves, and lading asses; as also wine, grapes, and figs, and all manner of burdens, which they brought into Jerusalem on the sabbath day: and I testified against them in the day wherein they sold victuals. There dwelt men of Tyre also therein, which brought fish, and all manner of ware, and sold on the sabbath unto the children of Judah, and in Jerusalem. Then I contended with the nobles of Judah, and said unto them, What evil thing is this that ye do, and profane the sabbath day? Did not your fathers thus, and did not our God bring all this evil upon us, and upon this city? yet ye bring more wrath upon Israel by profaning the sabbath. And it came to pass, that when the gates of Jerusalem began to be dark before the sabbath, I commanded that the gates should be shut, and charged that they should not be opened till after the sabbath: and some of my servants set I at the gates, that there should no burden be brought in on the sabbath day. So the merchants and sellers of all kind of ware lodged without Jerusalem once or twice. Then I testified against them, and said unto them, Why lodge ye about the wall? if ye do so again, I will lay hands on you. From that time forth came they no more on the sabbath. And I commanded the Levites that they should cleanse themselves, and that they should come and keep the gates, to sanctify the sabbath day. Remember me, O my God, concerning this also, and spare me according to the greatness of thy mercy. Isaiah 58:13-14. If thou turn away thy foot from the sabbath, from doing thy pleasure on my holy day; and call the sabbath a delight, the holy of the LORD, honourable; and shalt honour him, not doing thine own ways, nor finding thine own pleasure, nor speaking thine own words: Then shalt thou delight thyself in the LORD; and I will cause thee to ride upon the high places of the earth, and feed thee with the heritage of Jacob thy father: for the mouth of the LORD hath spoken it. Amos 8:4-6. Hear this, O ye that swallow up the needy, even to make the poor of the land to fail, Saying, When will the new moon be gone, that we may sell corn? and the sabbath, that we may set forth wheat, making the ephah small, and the shekel great, and falsifying the balances by deceit? That we may buy the poor for silver, and the needy for a pair of shoes; yea, and sell the refuse of the wheat?
 Exodus 20:9. Six days shalt thou labour, and do all thy work: Exodus 31:15. Six days may work be done; but in the seventh is the sabbath of rest, holy to the LORD: whosoever doeth any work in the sabbath day, he shall surely be put to death. Leviticus 23:3. Six days shall work be done: but the seventh day is the sabbath of rest, an holy convocation; ye shall do no work therein: it is the sabbath of the LORD in all your dwellings.
 Genesis 2:2-3. And on the seventh day God ended his work which he had made; and he rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had made. And God blessed the seventh day, and sanctified it: because that in it he had rested from all his work which God created and made. Exodus 20:11. For in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore the LORD blessed the sabbath day, and hallowed it. Exodus 31:17. It is a sign between me and the children of Israel for ever: for in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, and on the seventh day he rested, and was refreshed.
 Exodus 20:12. Honour thy father and thy mother: that thy days may be long upon the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee. Deuteronomy 5:16. Honour thy father and thy mother, as the LORD thy God hath commanded thee; that thy days may be prolonged, and that it may go well with thee, in the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee.
 Romans 13:1, 7. Let every soul be subject unto the higher powers. For there is no power but of God: the powers that be are ordained of God.... Render therefore to all their dues: tribute to whom tribute is due; custom to whom custom; fear to whom fear; honour to whom honour. Ephesians 5:21-22, 24. Submitting yourselves one to another in the fear of God. Wives, submit yourselves unto your own husbands, as unto the Lord.... Therefore as the church is subject unto Christ, so let the wives be to their own husbands in every thing. Ephesians 6:1, 4-5, 9. Children, obey your parents in the Lord: for this is right.... And, ye fathers, provoke not your children to wrath: but bring them up in the nurture and admonition of the Lord. Servants, be obedient to them that are your masters according to the flesh, with fear and trembling, in singleness of your heart, as unto Christ.... And, ye masters, do the same things unto them, forbearing threatening: knowing that your Master also is in heaven; neither is there respect of persons with him. 1 Peter 2:17. Honour all men. Love the brotherhood. Fear God. Honour the king.
 Matthew 15:4-6. For God commanded, saying, Honour thy father and mother: and, He that curseth father or mother, let him die the death. But ye say, Whosoever shall say to his father or his mother, It is a gift, by whatsoever thou mightest be profited by me; And honour not his father or his mother, he shall be free. Thus have ye made the commandment of God of none effect by your tradition. Romans 13:8. Owe no man any thing, but to love one another: for he that loveth another hath fulfilled the law.
 Exodus 20:12. Honour thy father and thy mother: that thy days may be long upon the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee. Deuteronomy 5:16. Honour thy father and thy mother, as the LORD thy God hath commanded thee; that thy days may be prolonged, and that it may go well with thee, in the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee. Ephesians 6:2-3. Honour thy father and mother; which is the first commandment with promise; That it may be well with thee, and thou mayest live long on the earth.
 Exodus 20:13. Thou shalt not kill. Deuteronomy 5:17. Thou shalt not kill.
 Ephesians 5:28-29. So ought men to love their wives as their own bodies. He that loveth his wife loveth himself. For no man ever yet hated his own flesh; but nourisheth and cherisheth it, even as the Lord the church.
 Genesis 9:6. Whoso sheddeth man's blood, by man shall his blood be shed: for in the image of God made he man. Matthew 5:22. But I say unto you, That whosoever is angry with his brother without a cause shall be in danger of the judgment: and whosoever shall say to his brother, Raca, shall be in danger of the council: but whosoever shall say, Thou fool, shall be in danger of hell fire.1 John 3:15. Whosoever hateth his brother is a murderer: and ye know that no murderer hath eternal life abiding in him.
 Exodus 20:14. Thou shalt not commit adultery. Deuteronomy 5:18. Neither shalt thou commit adultery.
웨스터 민스터 소요리문답
61항 - 70항
문 61. 제 사 계명이 금하는 것은 무엇인가?
답. 제 사 계명이 금하는 것은 그 명한 바 의무를 이행하지 아니하거나 혹 주의하지 아니하여 나태함으로써 그 날을 더럽게 하거나 죄되는 일을 행하거나 세상의 여러 가지 일과 오락에 대하여 불필요한 생각과 말과 행동을 하는 것이다.
(겔22:26, 23:28; 말1:13; 사58:13; 렘17:24-27)
문 62. 제 사 계명을 지키라한 이유가 무엇인가?
답. 제 사 계명을 지키라한 이유는 하나님이 우리의 행할 여러 가지 일을 위하여 여섯 날을 허락하시고 제 칠일은 자기가 특별히 주장하는 이가 되었다 하심과 자기가 친히 모범을 보이신 것과 안식일을 축복하신 것이다.
(출31:15-17; 레23:3; 창2:3)
문 63. 제 오 계명이 무엇인가?
답. 제 오 계명은 '네 부모를 공경하라 그리하면 너의 하나님 나 여호와가 네게 준 땅에서 네 생명이 길리라' 하신 것이다.
문 64. 제 오 계명이 명하는 것은 무엇인가?
답. 제 오 계명이 명하는 것은 각 사람에게 그 속한 지위와 인륜 관계 곧 상하와 평등을 따라 높일 자를 높이고 행할 일을 하라 하는 것이다.
(엡5:21-22, 6:1, 5, 9; 롬13:1, 12:10; 레19:32; 엡6:1-5; 롬8:1)
문 65. 제 오 계명이 금하는 것이 무엇인가?
답. 제 오 계명이 금하는 것은 각 사람에게 그 속한 지위와 인륜 관계를 따라 마땅히 높일 것과 행할 일을 하게 하지 아니하는 것이나 막는 것이다.
문 66. 제 오 계명을 지키라한 이유가 무엇인가?
답. 제 오 계명을 지키라한 이유는 이 계명을 지키는 모든 자에게 장수함과 흥왕 하는 복을 허락하심이니 다만 하나님께 영광을 돌리고 사람에게 이익이 있도록 하시겠다는 것이다.
문 67. 제 육 계명 이 무엇인가?
답. 제 육 계명은 '살인하지 말지니라' 하신 것이다.
문 68. 제 육 계명이 명하는 것은 무엇인가?
답. 제 육 계명이 명하는 것은 일체 합리한 법대로 우리의 생명과 남의 생명을 힘써 보존하라 하신 것이다.
(마10:23; 시82:3-4; 욥29:13; 왕상18:4; 엡5:29-30)
문 69. 제 육 계명이 금하는 것은 무엇인가?
답. 제 육 계명이 금하는 것은 불의 하게 우리의 생명이나 이웃의 생명을 빼앗거나 해하는 일들이다.
(행16:28; 창9:6; 마5:22; 요일3:15; 갈5:15; 잠24:11-12; 출21:18.32; 신24:6)
문 70. 제 칠 계명이 무엇인가?
답. 제 칠 계명은 '간음하지 말지니라' 하신 것이다.